A Success Story of Biogas Bottling Plant at DFRS, Bhilwara: Providing Solution to Agricultural and Kitchen Waste Managemen

Dr. Diksha Shrivastva, Dr. Deepak Sharma, Er. Kapil Samar, Dr. A. Kothari


India, where majority of population lives in rural areas, faces problem of environmental pollution, food security, post-harvest losses, waste disposal and energy availability. The rural energy needs can be fulfilled through application of locally available waste management technologies. Agrowaste and kitchen waste are the two most viable options for energy generation in rural areas that can not only enhance the standard of living but also help the rural areas to be self-sustainable in energy and economic terms. This research paper presents biomethanation or biogas technology as one of the economic and feasible technology for converting rural agricultural and kitchen waste to clean energy in addition to environmental benefits. It also explains the techno-economic feasibility of biomethanation for energy generationfrom agro and kitchen waste using a case study of RKVY project of 120cubic meter (60cum × 2no.) biogas plant decomposing 3 tons of agricultural and kitchen waste at DFRS, Bhilwara (Rajasthan). The research station is using the biogas either to produce daily approximately 50 kg Bio-CNG, which is used for running CNG- based vehicles at the station or generating 80 units of electricity. Along with biogas; daily 700-800 kg bio- manure worth of Rs. 3 lakhs per annum is also produced. A screw press dewatering system for slurry has also been installed, giving bio- manure with 30% moisture content. This paper clearly depicts the technoeconomic benefits, assistance and subsidies given for the development of biogas technology


Biomethanation, agricultural waste, kitchen waste, energy security, clean energy

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