A comparative study of alkaloids of root extract of Tephrosia purpurea (L) Pers and Indigofera linifolia Retz.

Prabhat V. K., Nandjee Kumar*

Abstract


The present communication deals with a comparative study of alkaloids of root extracts in two species i.e. Tephrosia purpurea (L) Pers and Indigofera linifolia Retz. Alkaloids are basic nitrogenous plant products possessing nitrogen heterocyclic as their structural units with a pronounced physiological action. Pharmacological point of view the alkaloids of Tephrosia purpurea (L) Pers and Indigofera linifolia Retz  may be useful for different diseases like Piles, syphilis, gonorrhoea, urine flow,  menstruation trouble and kidney disorder.   Descending paper chromatography on whatman paper­­ no. 1 and three solvent systems were used, viz. n-butyl acetate- acetic acid-n-butanol–water (85:40:15:22, solvent-1), n-butanol-acetic acid water (4:1:2 solvent-2) and ethanol–ammonia (4:1 solvent-3). Our results revealed that six alkaloids viz. N-dimethyletryptamine, Nb-oxide, hordenine, hypaphorine and N-methyltramine and candicine were detected in both species Tephrosia purpurea (L) Pers and Indigofera linifolia Retz. 

Keywords


Tephrosia purpurea (L) Pers; Indigofera linifolia Retz. n-butyl acetate; n-butanol; acetic acid; ammonia; ethanol.

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