Impact of Erodium moschatum (L.) L.'Hér. extracts against some bacteria and fungi species
AbstractThe effectiveness of Erodium moschatum extracts (ethanol and methanol, water) were tested against pathogenic bacteria (two gram positive: Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus lactis and two gram negative: Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis) and four pathogenic fungi (Microsprum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Pencillium chrysogenum and Fusarium oxysporeum). Tannins, flavonoid and glycoside contents were studied by using HPLC technique and their antimicrobial activities were examined. The results showed the extracts efficacy on the tested microbes in which the ethanol with 11.11mm methanol with 11.22mm diameter were the most effective against the studied bacteria compared with the rest of the studied extracts, either in the fungi it was found that the studied extracts did not have significant differences in their effectiveness against the tested fungi, the results seemed that there are a difference in the concentration of studied active compounds according to the environment (geographical locations) and the difference in the plant parts, rutin showed the highest concentration in the entire plant (Sulaymaniyah) at concentration 22.92ppm compared to the rest of the compounds and Saladin locality and the studied plant part.
Abdul-Wahab MA, Toaima WIM. and Hamid ES, Effect of different planting locations in Egypt on volatile oil of geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L.) plant. Journal of basic and applied Research 2(4), 2016, 522-533.
Ahmad M and Nazil S, Studies on tannins from bark of pinus roxburghi. J . Chem. Soc. Pakis., 15, 1989, 213-217.
Al-Halfi MJA, A taxonomic study of the genus Erodium L. 'Herit (Geraniaceae) in Iraq. PhD thesis. Faculty of Science, University of Basra, Iraq, 2000.
Bautista M, Madrigal–Santillán E, Morales–González A, Gayosso–del ucio JA, Madrigal-Bujaidar E, Chamorro-Cevallos G, Álvarez. G, onzález I, Benedi J, Aguilar-Faisal JL, Morales-González JA, An Alternative hepatoprotective and Antioxidant agent: The Geranium,. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med., 12(4), 2015, 96-105.
Cowan MM, Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clin. Microbiol. Rev.,12, 1999 564- 582.
Dyubeni L, Mayekiso B, and Magwa ML, A comparative study on essential oil yield and composition of rose-scented geranium (P. c. v. Rose) commercially grown on three different sites of the Amathole region in the eastern Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(43), 2012, 5842-5848.
Egorove NS, Antibiotics a scientific approach, Mir Publishers, 1985, Moscow.
Grand A, Verpoort R, Wondergem PA, and Pousset JL, , Anti-infection phototherapies of tree-Sarannah Sengal (west-Africa). 11-Antimicrobial activity of 33 species, J. Ethanopharmacol., 22, 1988, 25-31.
Igwenyi IO, and Elekwa AE, Phytochemical Analysis and Determination of Vitamin Contents of Geranium Robertianum. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS). e-ISSN: 2279-0853, p-ISSN: 2279-0861.Volume 13, Issue 6 Ver. , 2016, 44-47.
Leyton SM, Beltramino JB, Evaluation of a Nipple Sealer Based on Brad Infusion. "Science Stays True Here .Biological and Chemical Research, Science Signpost Publishing, 2015, 345-355.
Lin JH and Lin MF, Tannins and related compounds from Erodium moschatum (L.) L'. Her . Journal of Food and Drug Analysis 5(4), 1997, 347-354 .
Nostro N, Germano MP, dangeto V, Marino A and cannatelli MA, Extraction methods and bioautography for evaluation of medicinal plant antimicrobial activity. Letter in Applied Microbiology., 30, 2000, 379-384.
Öhretoulu D, Sakar MK and Sterner O, Polyphenolic compounds from Geranium purpureum Vill. growing in Turkey, Turk J Chem 35, 2011, 809-814.
Okuda T, Systematics and health effects of chemically distinct tannins in medicinal plants. Phytochem., 66, 2005, 2012-2031.
Pantev A, Ivancheva S, Staneva L and Serkedjieva J, Biologically Active Constituents of a Polyphenol Extract from Geranium sanguineum L. with Anti-Influenza Activity. Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung, Tübingen. Naturforsch. 61c, 2006 , 508-516.
Petrova I, Petkova N, Ivanov I, Five Edible Flowers-Valuable Source of Antioxidants in Human Nutrition . International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research; 8(4); 604-610.ISSN, 2016, 0975-4873.
Proestos C, Lytoudi K, Mavromelanidou O, Zoumpoulakis P, Sinanoglou VJ, Antioxidant Capacity of Selected Plant Extracts and Their Essential Oils . Antioxidants, 2, 11-22 . ISSN, 2013, 2076-3921.
Radulovic N, Dekic M and Stojanovic Radi´ CZ, Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Geranium columbinum L. and G. lucidum L. (Geraniaceae). Turk J Chem. Tubitak, 2011, 499-512.
Scalbert A, Antimicrobial properties of tannins. Phytochem., 30, 1991, 3875-3883.
Seal T, Quantitative HPLC analysis of phenolic acids, flavonoids and ascorbic acid in four different solvent extracts of two wild edible leaves, Sonchus arvensis and Oenanthera linearis of North-Eastern region in India. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science Vol. 6 (02), 2016, 157-166
Ukida M, Akihisa T, Yasukawa K, Tokuda H, Suzuki T and Kimura Y, Anti- inflammatory, anti-tumor promoting and cytotoxic activities of constituents of Marigold (Calendul aofficinallis) flowers. J. Nat. Prod., 96, 2006, 1692-1696.
Wagh VV, Datt B and Husain T, An Assessment of Diversity of Genus Geranium L. (Geraniaceae) in India with Special Emphasis on Indian Himalayan Region. Journal of Biodiversity Management and Forestry 4:2, 2015, 1-6.
Copyright (c) 2018 Annals of Plant Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The Editor In-Chief,
Annals of Plant Sciences [APS]
ISSN: 2287-688X http://www.annalsofplantsciences.com
Dear Sir, Sub: Submission of an original paper with copyright agreement and authorship responsibility (submit by e-mail only)
I certify that I have participated sufficiently in the conception and design of this work and the analysis of the data (wherever applicable), as well as the writing of the manuscript, to take public responsibility for it. I believe the manuscript represents valid work. I have reviewed the final version of the manuscript and approve it for publication. Neither the manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under my authorship been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere, except as described in an attachment. Furthermore, I attest that I shall produce the data upon which the manuscript is based for examination by the editors or their assignees, if requested.
Kindly find it suitable to publish in your esteemed journal.
Author name/s and affiliation Signatures