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A Study on the proximate composition and nutritive value of local tree almonds, Prunus amygdalus

Sudhakar Pola, Priyanka K., Angela E. Peter, Sandeep B.V., Rajeswari M., Ganga Rao B., Sujatha P.

Abstract


Tree nuts form an essential part of our diet. They are rich in proteins, fats and an array of micro and macronutrients and are also palatable and considered as a delicacy. Among all the tree nuts, the almond is often referred to as the king of nuts. This is because it contains high amounts of nutritive elements like monounsaturated fatty acids, minerals such as magnesium and copper, α-tocopherol and fiber making it an integral part of the diet. Almonds are known to reduce oxidative stress, inflammation and the risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. The present study endeavored to determine the proximate composition of locally available tree almonds, Prunus amygdalus. The moisture content, ash value, iron, phosphorous, calcium, protein, fat and fiber levels were estimated by standard protocols. The results obtained were then correlated with previously described studies. The findings of this study were in line with previous studies. Locally available P. amygdalus was found to be a rich source of protein, fat, calcium and phosphorous. The moisture and ash content were low. The fiber content is moderate and amount of iron is considerably low. This makes locally available almonds a suitable, accessible and vital part of the diet.

Keywords


Prunus amygdalus, proximate composition, almonds, nutritive value

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21746/aps.2018.7.6.13

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