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Role of Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) and Brassica carinata (Ethiopian mustard) plants in phytoremediation and their interaction with a Potyvirus

Papaiah Sardaru, Jayavardhana Rao Yagani, Narasimha Golla


Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) and Brassica carinata (Ethiopian mustard), members of family Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) are the most important edible mustard oilseed crops in genera Brassica. Indian mustard and Ethiopian mustard are an important edible oilseed crops in the world used to produce mustard oil. Its leaves are used in African cooking and all plant parts are used in the Indian cuisine, particularly in the mountain regions of Nepal and northern India. Both plants are used in phytoremediation of heavy metals, because of their nature of heavy metal accumalation. Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) is the main viral pathogen infecting Indian mustard and plant. The focus of the present review is to study the details of phytoremediation capacity of both plants and threat of TuMV in cultivation of Indian mustard and Ethiopian mustard plants.



Indian mustard, Ethiopian mustard, Heavy metals, phytoremediation and Turnip mosaic virus

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