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Evaluation of some exotic forms of Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. mongolica) in cold desert Himalayas

Virendra Singh*, L. K. Sharma, R. K. Rana

Abstract


Five exotic improved forms of seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. mongolica) introduced during 3 different years, are being evaluated for their growth at Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University’s High Land Agricultural Research and Extension Centre, located at Kukumseri (2730 m a.s.l) in district Lahaul‑Spiti, a dry temperate region of Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh. The region is characterized by low rainfall (about 450 mm/yr) and heavy snowfall (100‑400 cm/yr). The first exotic form “H1‑1” introduced in 1995, after 7 years of growth, had a diameter of 2.8 cm at base, 178 cm of height, a narrow canopy spread of 29 cm. This form had the fruit weight of 30.5 cm/100 fruits. The two other exotics HI‑2 and HI‑3, after 4 years of growth had the heights of 37 and 52 cm and canopy spread of 6.5 and 12 cm, respectively. The other two exotics HI‑4 and HI‑5 introduced in 2001, have also adapted to the local conditions. No decease has been recorded in any exotic form introduced at the center. All the forms were nearly thornless, except HI‑4.

Keywords


Seabuckthorn; exotics; evaluation; cold desert Himalayas

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References


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