Agro-forestry system of Guava +wheat in riverine tract of Uttar Pradesh

R.A. Singh, I.P. Singh, Amar Singh, M.K. Singh, R.K. Singh


The experiment was laid out during two consecutive years of 2005-06 and 2006-07 at Mainpuri district in the catchments area of river Isan. The main objective was to findout the suitable variety of wheat for agro-forestry of guava + wheat. The secondary objective was to utilize the space available between two rows of guava. The experimental soil was sandy clay loam, having low fertility status. The four treatment i.e., guava + wheat PbW-343,  guava + wheat K-9006,  guava + wheat U.P.-2382 and guava + wheat K-9107 were tested under agro-forestry system. Wheat varieties sown at the distance of 25 cm and adjusted 20 rows between two rows of guava cv. L-49, which was already planted by participatory farmers themselves at the distance of 6 x 6 m2. The different combination of agro-forestry with wheat varieties were not affected to fruits yield of guava, it was recorded 8.30 q/ha to 9.2 q/ha upto 5 to 7 year plantation of guava plants. Variety PbW-343 of wheat gave higher grain yield by 51.30 q/ha, closely followed by wheat cv. U.P. 2382 (51.15 q/ha). Wheat cultivar K-9107 yielded lowest grains by 38.80 q/ha. Likewise, wheat variety K-9006 produced grains by 47.30 q/ha. The guava + wheat cultivar PbW-343 displayed the highest system productivity by 59.80 q/ha, closely followed by guava + wheat cultivar U.P. 2382 (59.45 q/ha). The higher gross return of Rs. 116155.00/ha, net return of Rs. 69155.00/ha and BCR of 1:2.47 were recorded under guava + wheat PbW-343. Guava + wheat U.P. 2382 displayed gross return, net return and BCR by Rs. 115377.50/ha, 68377.50/ha and 2.45, respectively. Therefore, these two cultivars of wheat were found most suitable for agro-forestry system of guava + wheat.

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