Analysis of Surface Vegetation and Soil Characteristics along the Bank of Kali river in Meerut region

NARENDER KUMAR, Arvind Kumar, Anjali ., Rup Narayan

Abstract


The present paper documents the findings of phytosociological attributes which have been carried out in dry tropical vegetation along Kali river bank in Meerut region of western Uttar Pradesh, India. The main objectives of this study were to understand characteristics of vegetation and soil along Kali river bank in Meerut region. Floristic composition, dominant species and estimation of diversity and Physico-chemical characteristics were investigated. 46 plant species belonging to 24 families in the form of 12 species of trees, 3 species of shrubs, 30 species of herbs and 1 species of climber are recorded. The dominant plant species based on abundance value in decreasing order were Megathyrsus maximus, Cynodon dactylon, Parthenium hysterophorus, Physalis angulata and Ranunculus sceleratus. Malvaceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae were the most dominant families with 5 species each. The estimated summer soil properties were moisture content 8%, Organic Carbon 0.66%, total N 0.022%, Available P 17.4 kg/ha, exchangeable K 180 kg/ha, available S 14.3 ppm, available Fe 5.28 ppm and available Cu 0.55 ppm. This study provides baseline information on the vegetation and soil of Kali river bank in Meerut region, which has implication for management of the degrading ecosystem around Kali river bank.


Keywords


Phytosociological Attributes, Relative Dominance, Anthropogenic Disturbance, Kali River, Vegetation Composition

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References


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