Annals of Plant Sciences http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps <p><strong style="color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">A</strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">nnals of Plant Sciences [ISSN: 2287-688X] is an </span><strong style="color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">I</strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">nternational, </span><strong style="color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; 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color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">ccess, </span><strong style="color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">P</strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">eer-Reviewed Journal, aims to publish high quality research findings as original Research Articles (</span><strong style="color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">RA</strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">), Review Articles (</span><strong style="color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">RevArt</strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">), Short Communications (</span><strong style="color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">SC</strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">), and Letters To Editor (</span><strong style="color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">LTE</strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">) in all aspects of plant sciences. This journal will follow precise peer review process involving expert review committee.</span></p> <p>Journal is Indexed in CrossRef, <strong>Index Copernicus Value</strong> (73.70), ICI Journals Master List, <strong>Google Scholar</strong>, Mendeley, <strong>Academia</strong>, Zotero, <strong>GIF</strong>, RG, <strong>GIS</strong>; DRJI, <strong>CAS</strong>, IIFS, <strong>IJIF</strong>, JF, <strong>JournalTOCs</strong>, CiteSeerX, <strong>WorldCat</strong>, SIF,&nbsp;<strong>Shodhganga</strong>,&nbsp;Eurasian Scientific Journal Index, <strong>QOAM</strong>, OAJI, <strong>Zonado</strong> etc.</p> <table width="550" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="585" valign="top" colspan="3">&nbsp;<strong>Areas of Coverage</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="180" valign="top"> <ul> <li class="show">Agronomy</li> <li class="show">Agrostology</li> <li class="show">Arboriculture</li> <li class="show">Biotechnology</li> <li class="show">Bryology</li> <li class="show">Cytology</li> <li class="show">Dendrology</li> <li class="show">Economic botany</li> <li class="show">Epigenetics</li> <li class="show">Ethnobotany</li> <li class="show">Forestry</li> <li class="show">Horticulture</li> <li class="show">Lichenology</li> <li class="show">Marine botany</li> <li class="show">Micropropagation</li> </ul> </td> <td width="188" valign="top"> <ul> <li class="show">Mycology</li> <li class="show">Orchidology</li> <li class="show">Paleobotany</li> <li class="show">Palynology</li> <li class="show">Pharming (genetics)</li> <li class="show">Phenology</li> <li class="show">Phycology</li> <li class="show">Phytochemistry</li> <li class="show">Phytogeography</li> <li class="show">Phytosociology</li> <li class="show">Plant anatomy</li> <li class="show">Plant biochemistry</li> <li class="show">Plant breeding</li> <li class="show">Plant ecology</li> </ul> </td> <td width="217" valign="top"> <ul> <li class="show">Plant evolutionary developmental biology</li> <li class="show">Plant genetics</li> <li class="show">Plant morphology</li> <li class="show">Plant pathology (Phytopathology)</li> <li class="show">Plant physiology</li> <li class="show">Plant propagation</li> <li class="show">Plant reproduction</li> <li class="show">Plant systematics</li> <li class="show">Plant taxonomy</li> <li class="show">Pomology</li> <li class="show">Pteridology</li> <li class="show">Synantherology</li> </ul> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <div><strong>&nbsp;</strong></div> <div><strong>Manuscript Submission/s</strong></div> <div>Authors can submit&nbsp;<strong>ARTICLE</strong> prepared in&nbsp;<strong>MS Word File</strong>&nbsp;including Tables and Figures (If Any) at appropriate positions, through&nbsp;<strong><a title="Online Submission" href="/index.php/aps/login?source=%2Findex.php%2Faps%2Fauthor%2Fsubmit%2F1" target="_self"><span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong>Online Manuscript Submission System</strong></span></a></strong> or&nbsp;Email to&nbsp;<span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><a href="mailto:editor@annalsofplantsciences.com">editor@annalsofplantsciences.com</a>&nbsp;</strong></span></div> <div><strong>&nbsp;</strong></div> <div><strong>*</strong>Corresponding Authors are requested to <strong><a title="Register" href="/index.php/aps/user/register" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Register</span></a></strong> all Co-author/s at <a title="Register" href="/index.php/aps/user/register">https://www.annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/user/register</a> <strong>or</strong> submit all Co-author/s details along with manuscript submission.</div> <div> <div> <ul> <li class="show">Name:</li> <li class="show">Affiliation:</li> <li class="show">E-mail/s:</li> <li class="show">Mobile number:</li> </ul> </div> </div> en-US <p>To,</p> <p>The <strong>Editor In-Chief,</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>Annals of Plant Sciences [APS]</p> <p>ISSN<strong>: </strong>2287-688X <a href="http://www.annalsofplantsciences.com/">http://www.annalsofplantsciences.com</a></p> <p>Dear&nbsp;Sir,&nbsp; <strong>Sub:</strong> Submission of an original paper with copyright agreement and authorship responsibility (submit by e-mail only)</p> <p><strong>Topic entitled:</strong></p> <p>I certify that I have participated sufficiently in the conception and design of this work and the analysis of the data (wherever applicable), as well as the writing of the manuscript, to take public responsibility for it. I believe the manuscript represents valid work. I have reviewed the final version of the manuscript and approve it for publication. Neither the manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under my authorship been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere, except as described in an attachment. Furthermore, I attest that I shall produce the data upon which the manuscript is based for examination by the editors or their assignees, if requested.</p> <p>Kindly find it suitable to publish in your esteemed journal.</p> <p>Thanking you</p> <p>Yours sincerely,</p> <p><strong>Author name/s and affiliation &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Signatures</strong></p> admin@annalsofplantsciences.com (Dr. Varaprasad Bobbarala PhD) editorialoffice@annalsofplantsciences.com (Editorial Office) Thu, 15 Nov 2018 13:26:59 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Pollen morphology of selected taxa of Ehretiaceae from Western Ghats, India. http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/article/view/609 <p><span lang="EN-GB">Pollen Morphology is an important tool in the identification of a genera. Data on pollen morphology is used as a reference in other fields of palynology like allergic studies, melissopalynology, tracing the history of vegetation, genetic and evolutionary studies, climate change studies etc. Pollen morphology of two genera of Ehretiaceae family is studied using Scanning electron microscope. Palynological contributions are still fragmentary in the family Ehretiaceae of southern India. <em>Ehretia pubescens </em>Benth is a small tree belonging to Ehretiaceae family located at the foothill of Chamundi hill reserve forest which is a part of Western ghat near Mysuru and <em>Cormona retusa </em></span><span lang="EN-GB">(Vahl) Masam is a shrub found 3400ft above on top of Chamundi Hill. Pollen grains were acetolyzed and Scanning Electron Microscopic studies conducted to obtain data on pollen morphology. The study is conducted to assess the taxonomic significance of pollen morphology in relation to their phylogenetic origin of the two genera of Ehretiaceae in the region. The palynological evidence shows <em>Ehretia pubescens</em> with tri-zonocolporate and heterocolpate pollen grains and <em>Cormona retusa</em> with tricolpate pollen grain without the pseudocolpi. Both genera have foveolate tectum. Palynological data indicate that these two naturalized taxa ie. <em>Ehretia pubescens</em> and <em>Cormona retusa </em>belong to two different lineage of Ehretia and can be identified by their pollen morphology. Diversity in the pollen characters points towards the eurypalynous nature in Ehretiaceae.</span></p> Amalaurpava Mary Michael, Vijay Gopal Gumma ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/article/view/609 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 02:55:59 +0000 Soft rot of Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) by Rhizopus artocarpi (Berk. & Broome) Boedijn, in Andhra Pradesh, India. http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/article/view/613 Jack fruit (<em>Artocarpus heterophyllus</em>) is most widely cultivated in Andhra Pradesh, india. It has high nutritional values, medicinal values, rich phytochemical compositions, minerals etc. Such crop plants are infected by soft rot causing fungi by <em>Rhizopus artocarpi</em> (Berk. &amp; Broome) Boedijn, in Andhra pradesh, India. The flowers and fruits are severally damaged by soft rot fungi. So this soft rot fungus was isolated from fruits and identified as <em>R. artocarpi</em> (Berk. &amp; Broome) Boedijn. The soft rot fungus is grown on PDA medium and cultural characters are studied. The antifungal test is done by using fungal extracts from <em>Phelinus noxius</em> and <em>Ganoderma lucidum</em> and leaf extract <em>Prosopis juliflora </em>(Sw.) DC. In early stage of infection, <em>Rhizopus</em> spores deposit on moist fruit surface, get germinates and mycelia grow into the tissues of fruit. The infection produces a layer of black spores on the fruit surface. The fruit becomes soft, watery and brown spots develop on the fruit. In culture on PDA medium it is heavily growing and spreading. It produces sporangia with spores, and then it becomes brownish black with maturity of fungal colony. For biocontrol of soft rot fungi, 20% methanolic extract is more effective than 5, 10, and 15% concentrations. The methanolic extract showed 100% inhibition of both soft rot fungi when compared to water extract. For the first time fungal extracts were used to control the soft rot fungus causing disease in Jackfruits. Duvvi Naveen Babu, Praveen Kumar Nagadesi, Suneetha N. N., Anil Kumar N. ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/article/view/613 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 02:55:59 +0000 Impact of Erodium moschatum (L.) L.'Hér. extracts against some bacteria and fungi species http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/article/view/611 The effectiveness of <em>Erodium moschatum</em><strong> </strong>extracts (ethanol and methanol, water) were tested against pathogenic bacteria (two gram positive: <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em> and <em>Streptococcus lactis</em> and two gram negative: <em>Escherichia coli </em>and<em> Proteus mirabilis</em>) and four pathogenic fungi (<em>Microsprum canis</em>, <em>Trichophyton</em> <em>mentagrophytes</em>, <em>Pencillium chrysogenum</em> and <em>Fusarium oxysporeum</em>). Tannins, flavonoid and glycoside contents were studied by using HPLC technique and their antimicrobial activities were examined. The results showed the extracts efficacy on the tested microbes in which the ethanol with 11.11mm methanol with 11.22mm diameter were the most effective against the studied bacteria compared with the rest of the studied extracts, either in the fungi it was found that the studied extracts did not have significant differences in their effectiveness against the tested fungi, the results seemed that there are a difference in the concentration of studied active compounds according to the environment (geographical locations) and the difference in the plant parts, rutin showed the highest concentration in the entire plant (Sulaymaniyah) at concentration 22.92ppm compared to the rest of the compounds and Saladin locality and the studied plant part. Mostafa Qahtan Mosataf, Sirwan Hassan Salih, Talib Ouaid Alkhazraji ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/article/view/611 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 02:55:59 +0000 Extraction, characterization & applications of natural dyes http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/article/view/616 Artificial dyes, widely used in everyday items, come with side effects not known to the common man. They are toxic, harmful &amp; mostly carcinogenic. There has been a worldwide increase in the demand of natural dyes due to its therapeutic properties &amp; no known side effects. The current research aimed at extracting dyes of different colors from natural plant sources, carrying out its characteristic analysis &amp; its applications. The dyes were tested for their anti-microbial ability and were found to be inhibitory to common organisms like <em>S. typhi, C. diphtheriae, S. aureus, </em>etc. Phytochemical tests were performed and they confirmed presence of several important metabolites like Phenols, Tannins, Terpenoids, and many more. The dyes were tested for anti-oxidant activity using the FRAP assay and antioxidant levels ranging from 0.62 to 2.00 were obtained. Preparations of cosmetics like lip balms, was carried out, and dyes were also tested as natural food coloring agents. The results indicated that the dyes caused inhibition of wide range of bacteria and proved to be good sources of anti-oxidants. They departed a natural color to food items and hence can replace artificial food colorings. Thus the use of natural dyes should be promoted, as they are cheap, biodegradable and feasible. Bushra Khan, Ramya Sindhyan, Anushi Divan, Sejal Rathod ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/article/view/616 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 02:55:59 +0000