Cover Image

Occurrence of Invasive Plant in three phytogeographical region of Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh

Darakhsa Kauser Sheikh, Ashwini Kumar Dixit

Abstract


The present study deals with comprehensive list of invasive species in the flora of Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh, India with background information of family, nativity, mode of introduction, flowering and fruiting. 83 species of plant belongs to 26 families were documented as invasive plant in all three phytogeographical regions (agricultural land, urban land and protected land). Both native and invasive plants were found in the same region, but the occurrence of invasive species were found high in the urban land (34.58%) in comparison with protected land (29.16%) and agriculture land (25%). Habit wise analysis of invasive species showed 84.52% herbs, followed by 13.09% shrubs and 2.38% climbers. Maximum proportion of invasive plant are native to Tropical America and belongs to family Asteraceae (16), followed by Malvaceae (9), Euphorbiaceae (8), Fabaceae (6), Solanaceae (5), Convolvulaceae (4) and Lamiaceae (4). 


Keywords


Diversity, Distribution, Native species, Invasive species

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allison, S.D. and P.M., Vitousek “Rapid nutrient cycling in leaf litter from invasive plants in Hawaii’’ Oecologia. 141.4 (2004): 612– 619.

Barel, B. “Antagonistic characteristics and phytochemical screening of invasive alien species of Nepal Himalaya” International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biological Archives 2.5 (2011): 1444- 1450.

Cousens, R. and Mortimer, M. “Dynamics of Weed Populations” New York: Cambridge University Press (1995) 332 p.

D’Antonio, C. and P.M., Vitousek “Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass/fire cycle, and global change” Annual review of Ecology and systematics 23 (1992): 63-87.

Daehler, C.C. and Debbie, A.SC. “Predicting invasive plants: prospects for a general screening system based on current regional models” Biological Invasions 2 (2000): 93–102.

Davies, K.W. and Roger, S.L. “A conceptual framework for preventing the spatial dispersal of invasive plants” Weed Science 55.2 (2007):178–184.

Dixit, A.K. and Bhaskar, C. “Ethno-medicinal uses of weeds of Guru Ghasidas central university, Bilaspur, (CG) India” The Journal of Ethnobiology and Traditional Medicine Photon 125 (2005): 1046-1054.

Dogra, K.S., R.K., Kohli and S.K., Sood “An assessment and impact of three invasive species in the Shivalik hills of Himachal Pradesh, India” International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. 1.1 (2009): 004-010.

Ehrenfeld, JG. “Effects of exotic plant invasions on soil nutrient cycling processes” Ecosystems 6.6 (2003): 503 – 523.

Ewel, J.J., Dennis, J.O., Joy, B., Curtis, C.D., Carla, M.D., Luis, D.G., Doria, R.G., Richard, J.H., Alan, H., Keith, R.H.C.E.H., Marcy, L.H., Roger, R.B.L., William, G.L., Lloyd, L.L., David, H.L., Svata, M.L., Ariel, E.L., Peter, B.M., David, M.R. and Peter, M.V. “Deliberate introductions of species: Research needs” BioScience 49.8 (1999):619–630.

Gordon, DR. “Effects of invasive, non-indigenous plant species on ecosystem processes: lessons from Florida” Ecological Applications 8.4 (1998): 975 – 989.

Jordon, N.R., Diane, L.L. and Sheri, C.H. “Soil modification by invasive plants: effect on native and invasive species of mixed- grass prairies” Biol invasions 10.2 (2008): 177-190.

Liao, C., Ronghao, P., Yiqi, L., Xuhui, Z., Xiaomen, W., Changming, F., Jiakuan, C. and Bo, L. “Altered ecosystem carbon and nitrogen cycles by plant invasion: a meta-analysis” New Phytologist. 177.3 (2007):706-714.

Lowe, S., M. Browne, S., Boudjelas and M.D., Poorter “100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species: A selection from the global invasive species database” Published by The Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) a specialist group of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN)(2000) :12pp.

Mack, R.N., Daniel, S., W., Londsale, Harry, E., Michael, C., and Fakhri, A.B. “Biotic invasions: Causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control” Ecological Applications 10.3 (2000): 689-710.

Maheswari, J.K., and S.R., Paul “The exotic flora of Ranchi” J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 72.1 (1975): 158 – 88.

Mantri, A., Annapurana, C. and J.S., Singh “Terrestrial plant invasions and global change. In: Bioresources and environment, Tripathi, G. and Tripathi, Y.C. (eds) Campus books, New Delhi. (2002): 25-44.

Matthew, KM. Exotic flora of Kodaikanal and Palni hills. Rec Bot Surv India 20.1 (1969): 1 – 241.

Nayar, M.P. “Changing patterns of the Indian Flora” Bulletin of botanical survey of India. 19.1-4 (1977): 145-155.

Negi, P.S. and P.K., Hajra “Alien flora of Doon valley, Northwest Himalaya” Current Science 92.7 (2007): 968 – 978.

Pandey, R.P. and P.J. Parmar, “The exotic flora of Rajasthan” J Econ Tax Bot. 18.1 (1994): 105 – 21.

Panigrahi, G. and S.K., Murti, “Flora of Bilaspur District M.P.” Published by Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. (1989).

Raghubanshi, A.S., L.C., Rai, J.P. Gaur, and J.S. Singh, “Invasive alien species and biodiversity in India” Current Science. 88.4 (2005): 1-2.

Rashmi, S. and H.G., Rajkumar “Phytochemical Analysis and in vitro Evaluation of Antifungal Activity of Five Invasive Plant Species against Macrophomina Phaseolina (Tassi) Goid” International Journal of Plant Research. 1.1 (2011): 11-15.

Reddy, C.S. “Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India” Life science journal 5.2 (2008): 20-25.

Rothstein DE, Peter, M.V. and Breana, L.S. “An exotic tree alters decomposition and nutrient cycling in a Hawaiian montane forest” Ecosystems 7.8 (2004): 805 – 814.

Saxena, KG. “Biological invasion in the Indian subcontinent: review of invasion by plants” In: Ecology of Biological Invasion in the Tropics (1991): 53 – 73.

Sekar, K.C. “Invasive alien plants of Indian Himalayan region diversity and implication’. American journal of plant sciences. 3 (2012): 177-184.

Sorensen, A.E. “Seed dispersal by adhesion” Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 17(1986): 443–463.

Towns, D.R. Ian, A.E.A. and Charles, H.D. “Have the harmful effects of introduced rats on islands been exaggerated?” Biological invasion 8.4 (2006): 863-891.

Vitousek, P.M., Carla, M.D., Lloyd, L.L., Marcel, R. and Randy, W. “Introduced species: a significant component of human-caused global change” New Zealand Journal of Ecology 21 (1997): 1–16.

Zhu, L., O.J. Sun, Sang, W., Li, Z. and Ma, K. “Predicting the spatial distribution of an invasive plant species (Eupatorium adenophorum) in China” Landscape Ecol. 22 (2007): 1143-1145.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21746/aps.2017.6.12.13

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Annals of Plant Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Manuscript Submissions:

Authors can submit their manuscript/s prepared in MS Word including Tables and Figures (If Any) at appropriate positions, can be submitted through Online Manuscript Submission System  or E-mail to editor@annalsofplantsciences.com