Cover Image

Study of morphological diversity of traditional aromatic rice landraces (Oryza sativa L.) collected from Assam, India

Lipika Lahkar, Bhaben Tanti

Abstract


Rice is one of the major cereal grain consumed more than half of the world’s population. Aromatic rice is one of the most widely accepted rice due its pleasant aroma. Traditionally, many varieties of aromatic rice are grown by the farmers of Assam maintaining a diverse gene pool. In the present study, morphological variation was studied in 22 aromatic rice landraces using qualitative and quantitative traits. Keteki Joha is very popular indigenous aromatic rice grown in a small pocket of Assam for its high yield. Though Kola Kunkuni Joha is relatively smaller grain size and low yield but have high demand due to its high aroma as compared to other landraces. Significant positive correlations was occurred at 0.05 level between kernel length and seed weight with seed width (r = 0.6734*) and (0.5881*) as well as seed weight with kernel width (r = 0.5433*). The correlation between seed width and kernel width (0.9663**) showed significantly positive relationship which shown at 0.01 level. Characterization of aromatic rice landraces of Assam would be a boon for the breeders for designing further rice improvement programme.


Keywords


Aromatic rice, diversity, landraces, seed morphology

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adhikari B, MK Bag, MK Bhowmick, C Kundu, Rice in West Bengal-rice knowledge management portal (www.rkmp.co.in), Directorate of Rice Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, 2012: 88.

Bhattacharjee P, SR Singhal, RP Kulkarni, Basmati rice: A review. International Journal of Food Sci Technol, 37.1 (2002): 1-12.

Bisne R, AK Sarawgi, Agro-morphological and quality characterization of Badshah bhog group from aromatic rice germplasm of Chhattisgarh Bangladesh, J. Agril. Res., 33.3 (2008): 479-492.

Caldo RA, LS Sebastian, JE Hernandez, Diversity of Philippines improved rice varieties and their progenitors using morphological and molecular markers. Philip J Crop Sci, 22 (1997): 11-26.

Chakravorty A, PD Ghosh, An analysis on genetic parameters of different landraces of rice of West Bengal. J Crop Weed, 7 (2011): 59-63.

Chakravorty A, PD Ghosh, Characterization of Landraces of Rice from Eastern India. Ind J Plant Genet Resour., 26.1 (2013): 62-67.

Chakravorty A, PD Ghosh, PK Sahu, Multivariate analysis of phenotypic diversity of landraces of rice of West Bengal. Am J Exp Agri, 3 (2013): 110-123.

Chutia J, SP Borah, B Tanti, Effect of drought stress on protein and proline metabolism in seven traditional rice (Oryza sativa Linn.) genotypes of Assam, India, Journal of Research in Biology, 2.3 (2012) 206-214.

Das A, V Tushar, Kesari and L Rangan, Aromatic joha rice of assam- a review, Agric. Rev., 31.1 (2010): 1 – 10..

Deb D, Folk rice varieties of West Bengal: agronomic and morphological characteristics. Research Foundation for Science Technology & Ecology, New Delhi, 2000.

Frankel OH, AHD Brown, JJ Burdon, The conservation of plant biodiversity. Cambridge University Press, London 1995.

Glaszmann JC, Isozymes and classification of Asian rice varieties. Theor Appl Genet, 74(1987): 21-30.

Goodman MM, Distance analysis in biology. Syst Zool, 21 (1972): 174-186.

Hien NL, WA Sarhadi, Y Hirata, Y Oikawa, Genetic diversity of morphological responses and relationships among Asia aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars. Tropics, 16.4 (2007):343–355.

Hore DK, Rice diversity collection, conservation and management in north-eastern India. Genet Resour Crop Evol, 52 (2005): 1129-1140.

Juliano AB, EB Naredo, MT Jackson, Taxonomic status of Oryza glumaepatula Steud. I. Comparative morphological studies of new world diploids and Asian AA genome species. Genet Resour Crop Evol, 45 (1998): 197-203.

Kaufman L, PJ Rousseeuw, finding groups in data: an introduction to cluster analysis. Wiley, New York, 1990.

Lin MS, Genetic base of japonica rice varieties released in Taiwan., Euphytica, 56 1991.: 43-46.

Mishra PK, AK Sinha, Rice diversity in Bankura district of West Bengal (India). Bios Discov, 3 (2012): 284-287.

Nahar S, J Kalita, L Sahoo, B Tanti, Morphophysiological and molecular effects of drought stress in rice, Annals of Plant Sciences, 5.9 (2016) 1409-1416.

Nayak AR, D Chaudhury, JN Reddy, Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance in scented rice. Indian J Agrl Sci, 46.12 (2002): 45-47.

Patra BC, Collection and characterization of rice genetic resources from Keonjhar district of Orissa. Oryza, 34 (2000): 324-326.

Rao CR, Advance statistical methods in biometrical research. John Wiley and Sons. Inc., New York, 1964 351-364.

Ravi M, S Geethanjali, F Sameeyafarheen, M Maheswaran, Molecular marker based genetic diversity analysis in rice (Oryza sativa L.) using RAPD and SSR markers. Euphytica, 133 (2003): 243-252.

Royal Horticultural Society RHS colour chart (edn.3), The Royal Horticultural Society, London, United Kingdom, 2015.

Sarma B, NR Basumatary, S Nahar, B Tanti, Effect of drought stress on morpho-physiological traits in some traditional rice cultivars of Kokrajhar district, Assam, India, Annals of Plant Sciences, 5.8 (2016): 1402-1408.

Semwal DP, A Pandey, DC Bhandari, OP Dhariwal, SK Sharma Variability study in seed morphology and uses of indigenous rice landraces (Oryza sativa L.) collected from West Bengal, India, Ajcs, 8.3 (2014):460-467.

Singh BN, SR Dhua, RK Sahu, BC Patra, BC Marndi, Status of rice germplasm-Its collection and conservation in India Indian J. Plant. Genet Resour., 14 (2001): 105-106.

Singh SP, SS Malik, AK Singh, Collection of rice landraces from Vindhayachal hills. Agric Sci Digest 25 (2005): 174-177.

Sun CQ, XK Wang, ZC Li, A Yoshimura, N Iwata, Comparison of the genetic diversity of common wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.) and cultivated rice (O. sativa L.) using RFLP markers. Theor Appl Genet., 102 (2001): 157-162.

Thanh ND, HG Zheng, NV Dong, LN Trinh, ML Ali, HT Nguyen, Genetic variation in root morphology and microsatellite DNA loci in upland rice (Oryza sativa L.) from Vietnam. Euphytica, 105 (1999): 43-51.

Tirkey A, AK Sarawgi, LV Subbarao, Studies on Genetic Diversity in Various Qualitative and Quantitative Characters in Rice Germplasm. Ind J Plant Genet Resour, 26.2 (2013): 132-137.

Ward Jh Jr, Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. J Am Stat Assoc, 48 (1963): 236-244.

Zeng Y, S Shen, Z Li, Z Yang, X Wang, H Zhang, G Wen, Eco-geographic and genetic diversity based on morphological characters of indigenous rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Yun- nan, China. Genet Resour Crop Evol, 50 (2003): 567-577.

Zhang QF, GP Yang, XK Dai, JZ Sun, A comparative analysis of genetic polymorphism in wild and cultivated barley from Tibet using isozyme and ribosomal DNA markers. Genome, 37 (1994): 631-638.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21746/aps.2017.6.12.9

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Annals of Plant Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Manuscript Submissions:

Authors can submit their manuscript/s prepared in MS Word including Tables and Figures (If Any) at appropriate positions, can be submitted through Online Manuscript Submission System  or E-mail to editor@annalsofplantsciences.com