Harmful effects of Parthenium hysterophorus and management through different approaches - A review

  • Jayaramiah R. Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, UAS, Bangalore, Hassan, Karnataka
  • Ramesh N. Balenahalii Department of Biotechnology, College of Agriculture, University of Agriculture Science, Bangalore, Hassan, Karnataka - 573225
  • Krishnaprasad B.T. Department of Biotechnology, College of Agriculture, University of Agriculture Science, Bangalore, Hassan, Karnataka- 573225
  • Sunil Kumar R. Department of Biotechnology, College of Agriculture, University of Agriculture Science, Bangalore, Hassan, Karnataka- 573225
  • Pramod G. Assistant professor, Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Sciences, Bangalore
  • Ramkumar C. Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Agriculture, University of Agriculture Science, Bangalore, Hassan, Karnataka- 573225
  • Sheshadri T. Director of Research, University of Agriculture Science, GKVK, Bangalore, Karnataka- 560065


Parthenium hysterophorus is commonly known as congress grass or carrot weed in India. It belongs to Asteraceae family and native to subtropics of North and South America. It is an invasive plant species that disturbs cultivated areas, roadside vegetation, gardens etc. P. hysterophorus is considered as one of the worst weeds responsible for causing health problems in animals and humans viz., dermatitis, asthma and bronchitis besides loss to agriculture and ecosystem. Nowadays, it has become one of the major weeds in almost all types of agricultural lands and other areas. Many control methods ranging from preventive, physical methods by manual uprooting, burning and allelopathic management through competitive plants like Cassia tora, Cassia uniflora Cassia sericea, have been recommended for management of P. hysterophorus. Likewise, insect Zygogramma bicolorata has proven successful in managing P. hysterophorus. Further, microorganisms like Alternaria alternata, Scerotiia sclerotiorum, Fusarium Pallidoroseum, Ralstonia solanacearum, Xanthomanas campestris are reported to infest P. hysterophorus. Use of chemical herbicides mainly glyphosate @ 2.5 kg a.i.ha-1, atrazine @ 2.6 kg a.i.ha-1, 2,4-D amine @ 3 l/ ha-1, Paraquat 0.5 l/ ha-1 were proved effective in managing P. hysterophorus. No single option is suitable to control this invasive weed. Successful control of this weed can only be achieved by an integrated weed management approaches.


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How to Cite
R., Jayaramiah et al. Harmful effects of Parthenium hysterophorus and management through different approaches - A review. Annals of Plant Sciences, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 05, p. 1614-1621, may 2017. ISSN 2287-688X. Available at: <http://annalsofplantsciences.com/index.php/aps/article/view/325>. Date accessed: 22 july 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.21746/aps.2017.05.002.
Review Article


Parthenium hysterophorus, Biological control, Integrated approach, Preventive measures, Allelopathic control.